Tuesday, 17 July 2018

Sound [Pronunciation]







These phonemes are part of the phonemic chart that is used to describe the sounds of many languages. They have been established by the International Phonemic Association [IPA]. For more information about the correct pronunciation, listen to the English programmes on the radio or watch videos on YouTube.





Monothong [a single vowel sound]
Dipthong
iː = see

eɪ = say
i = happy

əʊ = go

ɪ = sit

əɪ = five

e =  ten

au = now

æ = cat

ɔɪ = boy

ɑː = father

ɪə = near
ɒ = got

eə = hair

ʊ = put

ʊə = pure
u = actual


uː = too


ʌ = cup


ɜː = bird


ə = about





BrE stands for British English, whereas NAmE stands for North American English.
All pronunciations use the IPA. Many phonetic symbols, e.g. /p/, /s/, /k/ sound exactly like the most common pronunciation of the letter they look like. When more than one pronunciation is shown, the more common one is first, but both are often used.



B. Write the words for given phonemic transcription.

Phonemic Transcription
Words
/ədˈmɪt/

/ˈeɪliən/

/briːð/

/ˈbaɪgɒn/

/kəˈsiːnəʊ/

/ˈkætəgri/

/ˈdeəri/

/dɪˈkɔːrəm/

/ˈjʊərəʊ/

/ˈeksɪt/ 

/feɪθ/

/feɪk/

/ˈgʌstəʊ/

/ˈgʌtəʳ/

/hɑ:t/

/ˈhaɪdʒiːn/

/ˈinlɔːz/

/ɪnˈvent/

/ˈmɑːtə(r)/

/ˈmɪmɪk/

/ˌnæʃəˈnæləti/




C. Circle the best option.

1. In the word ‘climb’, ________ is silent.
A. l                                                      B. m                                                    C. b
2. The word ‘euphemism’ begins with a _________________ sound.
A. vowel                                            B. consonant                                      C. none
3. If ‘X’ is regarded a letter, ____________ is placed in front of this word.
A. a                                                     B. the                                                  C. an
4. NAmE stands for ___________________________.
A. Native American English                      B. North American English                        C. North America
5. According to ______________ English, ‘r’ before consonant sound remains silent.
A. NAmE                                           B. BrE                                                 C. both
6. Which one of the following phonemic transcript is correct for the word ‘Switzerland’?
A. /swɪtzrland/                              B. /ˈswitdʒᵊrlænd/                          C. /ˈswɪtsələnd/
7. Which one of the following words is for this phonemic transcript /jɒt/?
A. yet                                                  B. jot                                                   C. yacht
8. The symbol æ is ____________________
A. monothong                                               B. dipthong                                       C. tripthong
9. The symbol ŋ’ is _____________________
A. tripthong                                      B. monothong                                               C. dipthong
10. The stress pattern / ˈ/ means __________________
A. 2nd important emphasis             B. 1st important emphasis               C. both of these



By Amar Bahadur Sherma
HoD, English
Textbook Writer
Freelancer
Online ELT



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